1 Maull

2013 Coursework B Science Engineering

The study of Science entails practical laboratory work (experiments) along with the study of theory. In the modern world where advances in Science and Technology are bringing great changes to our lives, the study of Science is particularly relevant to help people assess the implication of these developments.

The study of Science at Junior Certificate level involves the study of Biology, Chemistry, Physics and Applied Science.

Junior Certificate Science marks are distributed as follows:

  • Coursework A – 10%    (Experiments and investigations specified in the syllabus)
  • Coursework B – 25%    (2 specified investigations)
  • Terminal examination – 65%    (Section 1 – Biology / Section 2 – Chemistry / Section 3 – Physics)Science branches into 3 separate subjects for the Leaving Certificate:
  • Biology.
  • Chemistry.
  • Physics.

Coursework B
Student Investigations Each student is required to undertake two specified investigations in their third year and to submit a pro forma report on these for assessment. These additional investigations, based on the topics and learning outcomes in the syllabus, will be set by the examining body and will vary from year to year. These investigations account for 25% of the students final Junior Certificate grade and will require substantial time investment, by the student, during the year. Students will be notified of the investigation titles well in advance of the laboratory time they will be allocated to conduct the investigations, and this laboratory time-slot cannot be altered. DES deadlines for submission by the students of their report must be adhered to, and, in order to prevent missed deadlines, students are expected to exercise due diligence in the preparation, planning and conduct of their chosen investigations. Students who fail to do so will not be given additional time, and reports still incomplete come deadline, will be submitted as is.

Investigation Titles 2013

Biology
Compare by means of investigation the vitamin C content of a number of commercial and fresh fruit juices.

Chemistry
Compare by means of investigation methanol, propan-1-ol and candle wax in terms of their effectiveness as fuels.

Physics
Investigate any two factors that affect the output from a solar cell when light is shone on it.

Downloads

We have developed a blank copy of the Coursework for your use.  It differs slightly from the state examinations booklet in that we have specified how many resources you reference, how many safety aspects you must specify, etc…(Note – these numbers are a minimum).  A copy of a blank Coursework B booklet can be found here.

Additional coursework B material can be found in the table below to help you with your projects.Summaries:
The following table contains a summary of all the JC Science chapters complete with appropriate past questions.  It is an excellent revision guide.

Note:
There is a shortage of people in Ireland with training in Science and Technology to meet our current needs. It is also important to remember that a Science subject is required at Leaving Cert level for some third level courses, e.g. Medicine, Pharmacy, Engineering, Food Science etc.

Students’ Corner:

To remember the characteristics of life:

Real Elephants Noses Grow Really Really Massive

Respiration. Excretion. Nutrition.Growth. Reproduction.Responsivity.Movement

Useful websites:

Department of Education and Science sites:URL:
Department of Education and Sciencehttp://www.education.ie
State Examinations Commissionhttp://www.examinations.ie
National Council for Curriculum and Assessmenthttp://www.ncca.ie
Scoilnet, the NCTE schools websitehttp://www.scoilnet.ie
Teacher Support Network sites:URL:
Second Level Support Service – Physics and Chemistryhttp://www.slss.ie/
Biology Support Servicehttp://biology.slss.ie
Chemistry Support Servicehttp://chemistry.slss.ie/
Physics Support Servicehttp://physics.slss.ie/
Irish Science Teachers’ Association – membership is   open to all teachers of sciencehttp://www.ista.ie/
The Association for Science Education (UK) –   membership is open to all teachers of sciencehttp://www.ase.org.uk.ie/
National Science Teachers Assocation (USA) – membership   is open to all teachers of sciencehttp://www.nsta.org/
Resource sites:URL:
Concept Cartoons offer excellent starting points for   discussion and thinkinghttp://www.conceptcartoons.com/index_flash.html
Science Enhancement Programme – focuses on scientific   enquiry and practical work, scientific knowledge and conceptual   understanding, scientific research and developmentshttp://www.sep.org.uk/
Drawing tool for both teachers and pupilshttp://www.ase.org.uk/sen/words/diagram.htm
Puzzle makershttp://www.puzzlemaker.com
Crossword construction kithttp://www.crosswordkit.com/
Wordsearch construction kithttp://www.wordsearchkit.com/download.htm
Hot Potatoes software – construct crosswords,   wordsearches, cloze test, matching exerciseshttp://www.halfbakedsoftware.com/
Chemical Jigsaw Puzzlehttp://www.harmsy.freeuk.com/jigsaw.html
PhET – Physics Education Technology, interactive   physics animations from the Unversity of Coloradohttp://phet.colorado.edu/web-pages/index.html
Freezeray Interactive Science Resourceshttp://www.freezeray.com/home.htm
Biology Cornerwww.biologycorner.com
BBC Schools site – human body interactive gameshttp://www.bbc.co.uk/science/humanbody/body/
Science photograph library – teachers can register,   then download and use the images, as long as credit for source is givenhttp://www.sciencephoto.com
Science Smarties – a variety of assessments for each   topic of the Junior Cert. syllabus, from a TeachNet Ireland sitehttp://www.teachnet.ie/mamond/2006
Science, Technology and Society sitesURL:
Ingenious Irelandhttp://www.ingeniousirelandonline.ie
The science behind the newshttp://whyfiles.org/
Science and technology in actionwww.sciencetechnologyaction.com
Science trail at the science centre, Birr castlewww.birrcastle.com
General Interest sites:URL:
Skoool.ie has a section on sciencehttp://skoool.ie
How Stuff Workshttp://www.howstuffworks.com/
Natural History Museum of Irelandhttp://www.museum.ie/naturalhistory/
Explore materials sciencehttp://www.strangematterexhibit.com/
NASA Astrobiology Institutehttp://nai.arc.nasa.gov/students/index.cfm
Schoolsciencehttp://www.schoolscience.co.uk
Exploratorium – interactive with many DIY experimentshttp://www.exploratorium.edu/
Timeline for events in science and mathematicshttp://www.physics.ohio-state.edu/~wilkins/science/sciehist.html
European Space Agency Human Spaceflight – teachers   can request a free copy of the Education Kit aimed at students aged 12-15http://www.esa.int/export/esaHS/SEMT0IXLDMD_education_0.html

 

List of figures by chapter, with image and source data available for download. Figures in each section can also be previewed using the thumbnail gallery view provided for each chapter.

  • Image Format (.png)
  • Excel Source Data (.xls)

Overview

Thumbnail View

FigureTitleImageData
O-1KTI share of GDP, by selected country/economy: 1999, 2005, and 2012
O-2Output of KTI industries as a share of GDP for selected developing economies: 2012
O-3Output of HT manufacturing industries for selected regions/countries/economies: 1997–2012
O-4Global share of commercial KI services value added for selected countries/economies: 1997–2012
O-5Global R&D expenditures, by region: 2011
O-6Global share of expenditures on R&D, by selected country/economy: 1996, 2005, and 2011
O-7Gross expenditures on R&D as share of GDP, for the United States, EU, and selected other countries: 1981–2011
O-8Estimated number of researchers in selected countries/regions: 1995–2011
O-9Researchers as a share of total employment in selected countries/regions: 1995–2011
O-10First university degrees, by location: 2000–10 (corrected April 2014)
O-11S&E first university degrees as a share of all first university degrees, by country: 2000–10
O-12Internationally mobile students enrolled in tertiary education, by selected country: 2010
O-13S&E articles, by global share of selected region/country: 2001–11
O-14Share of U.S., EU, and China S&E articles that are in the world's top 1% of cited articles: 2002–12.
O-15USPTO patents granted, by location of inventor: 2003–12
O-16Global triadic patent families, by selected region/country/economy: 1998–2010
O-17USPTO patents granted, by selected technology areas for selected country/economy of inventor: 2010–12
O-18Global exports of royalties and fees, by selected region/country/economy: 2004–11
O-19U.S. academic and non-academic S&E articles: 1997–2012
O-20Share of articles authored at U.S. academic institutions that have authors from multiple U.S. institutions: Selected years, 1990–2012
O-21Number of authors and authors per paper for U.S. academic institutions: 1988–2012
O-22Federal awards and research expenditures at very high research activity institutions, by institutional control: 1987–2010
O-23Community college attendance among recent S&E bachelor's recipients: 1999–2010
O-24Selected average revenues and expenditures at public very high research universities: 1987–2010
O-25S&E degrees, by level: 2000–11
O-26Bachelor's degrees, by broad field of degree: 2000–11
O-27Share of S&E bachelor's degrees among U.S. citizens and permanent residents, by race and ethnicity: 2000–11
O-28Women in the workforce and in S&E: 1993 and 2010
O-29Women in S&E occupations: 1993–2010
O-30Share of workers in S&E occupations, by selected race and ethnicity: Selected years, 1993–2010
O-31Foreign-born workers in S&E occupations, by education level: 2000, 2006, and 2011
O-32Foreign-born individuals with highest degree in S&E living in the United States, by place of birth: 2010
O-33Ratio of U.S. federal-to-nonfederal funding for R&D: 1953–2011
O-34Sources of S&E R&D funding for public and private academic institutions: FYs 1999 and 2012
O-35U.S. total R&D expenditures: 1953–2011
O-36Year-to-year changes in U.S. R&D expenditures, by performing sector: 2006–11

1. Elementary and Secondary Mathematics and Science Education

Thumbnail View

FigureTitleImageData
1-1Average mathematics assessment scores of first-time kindergartners, by child and family characteristics: Fall 2010 and spring 2011
1-2Average NAEP mathematics scores of students in grades 4 and 8: 1990–2011
1-3Students in grades 4 and 8 scoring at or above NAEP's proficient level in mathematics for their grade: 1990–2011
1-4Average NAEP science scores of students in grade 8, by student and school characteristics: 2009 and 2011
1-5Average NAEP mathematics scores of students in grade 8, by sex, race, and ethnicity: 2011
1-6Average NAEP mathematics scores and score gaps for white and black students in grade 4: 1990–2011
1-7Average TIMSS mathematics scores of students in grades 4 and 8, by country/jurisdiction: 2011
1-8Average TIMSS mathematics and science scores of U.S. students in grades 4 and 8: 1995–2011
1-9Average TIMSS science scores of students in grades 4 and 8, by country/jurisdiction: 2011
1-10Highest-level mathematics course in which ninth graders enrolled, by socioeconomic quintile: 2009
1-11Highest-level science course in which ninth graders enrolled, by socioeconomic quintile: 2009
1-12Public school students in graduating class of 2012 who took AP exams in mathematics and science in high school, by sex
1-13Mathematics and science teachers' years of experience teaching their subject, by grade level: 2012
1-14Mathematics and science classes taught by teachers with 2 years or less of experience teaching their subject, by students in school eligible for free/reduced-price lunch: 2012
1-15Elementary teachers meeting NCTM- and NSTA-recommended college-level coursework in mathematics and science: 2012
1-16Elementary teachers' self-assessment of their preparedness to teach mathematics and science: 2012
1-17Beginning public elementary and secondary teachers (2007–08) who had left teaching by 2009–10
1-18On-time graduation rates of U.S. public high school students, by race and ethnicity: 2006 and 2010
1-19Immediate college enrollment rates among high school graduates, by institution type: 1975–2011
1-20First-time entry rates into university-level education, by OECD country: 2010
1-AHigh school students with access to various AP mathematics and science courses: 2012

2. Higher Education in Science and Engineering

Thumbnail View

FigureTitleImageData
2-1Community college attendance among recent recipients of S&E degrees, by field of most recent degree: 2003 and 2010
2-2Selected average revenues and expenditures at public very high research universities: 1987–2010
2-3Average expenditures per FTE on research at public and private very high research universities: 1987–2010
2-4Average expenditures per FTE on instruction at public and private very high research universities: 1987–2010
2-5Selected average revenues and expenditures at public 4-year and other postsecondary institutions: 1987–2010
2-6Selected average revenues and expenditures at community colleges: 1987–2010
2-7Full-time S&E graduate students, by field and mechanism of primary support: 2011
2-8Full-time S&E graduate students with primary support from federal government, by field: 2011
2-9Full-time S&E graduate students, by source of primary support: 1997–2011
2-10Freshmen intending S&E major, by race and ethnicity: 1997–2012
2-11Engineering: Freshmen intentions and degrees, by sex
2-12Engineering: Freshmen intentions and degrees, by race and ethnicity
2-13Natural sciences: Freshmen intentions and degrees, by sex
2-14Natural sciences: Freshmen intentions and degrees, by race and ethnicity
2-15Foreign undergraduate student enrollment in U.S. universities, by top 10 places of origin and field: November 2012
2-16U.S. engineering enrollment, by level: 1991–2011
2-17S&E bachelor's degrees, by field: 2000–11
2-18Women's share of S&E bachelor's degrees, by field: 2000–11
2-19Share of S&E bachelor's degrees among U.S. citizens and permanent residents, by race and ethnicity: 2000–11
2-20First-time, full-time graduate enrollment in engineering and computer sciences and unemployment rate of all workers: 2000–11
2-21S&E master's degrees, by field: 2000–11
2-22S&E master's degrees, by sex of recipient: 2000–11
2-23S&E master's degrees, by race, ethnicity, and citizenship of recipient: 2000–11
2-24S&E doctoral degrees earned in U.S. universities, by field: 2000–11
2-25S&E doctoral degrees earned by U.S. citizen and permanent resident underrepresented minorities, by race and ethnicity: 2000–11
2-26S&E doctoral degrees, by sex, race, ethnicity, and citizenship: 2000–11
2-27U.S. S&E doctoral degree recipients, by selected Asian country/economy of origin: 1991–2011
2-28U.S. S&E doctoral degree recipients, by selected Western European country: 1991–2011
2-29U.S. S&E doctoral degree recipients from Europe, by region: 1991–2011
2-30U.S. S&E doctoral degree recipients from Canada, Mexico, and Brazil: 1991–2011
2-31Attainment of tertiary-type A and advanced research programs, by country and age group: 2010
2-32First university natural sciences and engineering degrees, by selected country: 2000–10
2-33Natural sciences and engineering doctoral degrees, by selected country: 2001–10
2-34S&E doctoral degrees earned by Chinese students at home universities and U.S. universities: 1994–2010
2-35Internationally mobile students enrolled in tertiary education, by selected country: 2010

3. Science and Engineering Labor Force

Thumbnail View

FigureTitleImageData
3-1Employment in S&E occupations, by broad occupational category: 2010 and 2012
3-2S&E degrees among college graduates, by field and level of highest degree: 2010
3-3Average annual growth in the number of employed individuals whose highest degree is in S&E, by field and level of highest degree: 2003–10
3-4Educational attainment, by type of occupation: 2011
3-5Occupational distribution of scientists and engineers, by broad field of highest degree: 2010
3-6Occupational distribution of S&E highest degree holders, by field of highest degree: 2010
3-7S&E degree holders working in S&E occupations, by level and field of S&E highest degree: 2010
3-8S&E degree holders employed in jobs related to highest degree, by level of and years since highest degree: 2010
3-9Employed scientists and engineers, by employment sector: 1993–2010
3-10S&E highest degree holders, by degree level and employment sector: 2010
3-11Broad S&E occupational categories, by employment sector: 2010
3-12Scientists and engineers employed in the business sector, by employer size: 2010
3-13S&E highest degree holders employed in the business sector, by highest degree level and employer size: 2010
3-14Employed scientists and engineers with R&D activity, by broad field of highest degree and broad occupational category: 2010
3-15Employed SEH doctorate holders with R&D activity, by years since doctoral degree: 2010
3-16Unemployment rates of scientists and engineers, by level of and years since highest degree: 2010
3-17Unemployment rate, by occupation: 1983–2012
3-18Unemployment rates for workers in S&E, STEM, and all occupations: March 2008–April 2013
3-19Measures of labor underutilization for workers in S&E and all occupations: March 2008–April 2013
3-20Scientists and engineers who are working involuntarily out of field, by level of and years since highest degree: 2010
3-21Median salaries for employed college-educated individuals, by broad field of highest degree and years since highest degree: 2010
3-22Median salaries for employed scientists and engineers, by level of and years since highest degree: 2010
3-23Median salaries for employed scientists and engineers, by broad field and level of highest degree: 2010
3-24Recent U.S. SEH doctorate recipients in postdoc positions, by field of and years since doctorate: 2010
3-25Age distribution of scientists and engineers in the labor force, by sex: 1993 and 2010
3-26Age distribution of employed scientists and engineers, by broad occupational category and broad field of highest degree: 2010
3-27Older scientists and engineers who work full time, by age and highest degree level: 2010
3-28Older scientists and engineers who report not working because of retirement,by age: 2010
3-29Women in the workforce and in S&E: 1993 and 2010
3-30Women in S&E occupations: 1993–2010
3-31Employed women with highest degree in S&E, by degree level: 1993–2010
3-32Highest degree holders in S&E not in the labor force, by sex and age: 2010.
3-33Estimated salary differences between women and men with highest degree in S&E employed full time, controlling for selected characteristics, by degree level: 2010
3-34Estimated salary differences between minorities and whites and Asians with highest degree in S&E employed full time, controlling for selected characteristics, by degree level: 2010
3-35Foreign-born scientists and engineers employed in S&E occupations, by highest degree level and broad occupational category: 2010
3-36Foreign-born individuals with highest degree in S&E living in the United States, by place of birth: 2010

Leave a Comment

(0 Comments)

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *