1 Daktilar

Essay Writing Flood

Flood appears as a curse to the people who are directly affected by it. There are mainly two reasons that can create a flood: excessive rains and overflow of rivers. Rain is wel­come for the growth of crops and cooling down the atmos­phere, especially after the hot summer.

But excessive rains spoil the harvest, and sometimes with the accumulated rain water, the tanks are overflowed and fields and roads remain under water, and even water enters the courtyard or drowns the ground floors of human habitations. As the stagnant water remains for a few days, the people face numerous difficulties.

The insects, the serpents and many poisonous creatures take shelter in the human abodes, causing threat to the lives of the dwellers. The cattle, unable to save their lives, die for want of food and shelter.

The water becomes polluted, causing various life-taking diseases. People are sometimes found to take shelter on the branches of trees, which are near at hand, in order to save themselves, when their houses are submerged in water.

After the flood, it takes a long time for the wet land to get dried up. And in that marshy land, the remains of the dead cattle or the skeletons of human corpses lay scattered, making the entire area extremely polluted. That brings about plague, cholera and other dangerous diseases to those who somehow survive. Thus the flood is a horror, and its after­effects are more horrible.

After the flood, there is hardly anything left for the people to accept. The crops do not grow, because the land becomes barren. The water of the tanks and wells gets polluted. The scarcity of drinking water becomes an acute problem.

The cattle having died, the poor house­holders become helpless. Numerous huts of the poor people are demolished by constant water-stagnation, making them homeless. Food grains become rare in the flood-affected areas.

There are many other problems that a flood brings to the unfortunate people, in whose area flood enters. Although the government and the charitable organizations send their instant relief by boat or helicopter,- food, clothes, pow­dered milk, medicine etc. -, yet that is not enough for removing their endless distress that continues for a long time after the flood.

The Indian governments have since taken some major steps for protecting the people from flood. There are certain areas, especially in Bengal and Assam, where frequent floods appear due to the overflow of the rivers, such as the Brahmaputra or the Ganga. A special commission has been set up to take precautionary measures before the monsoons so as to prevent flood in those particular areas.

At the time of flood in any area, all the civilized citi­zens should come forward with their helping hand. If they themselves cannot reach the spot, they can at least send their relief articles or money through some reliable organisations or the government machinery engaged in the relief work.


A flood is an overflow of water on land which is usually dry.[1][2]

Sometimes a water resource (river, lake or pond) gets flushed with too much water. Unusually heavy rain sometimes causes floods. When there is too much water, it may overflow beyond its normal limits. This water then spreads over land, flooding it. Extreme flooding can also be caused by a tsunami or a large storm that causes a storm surge. Floods that happen quickly are called flash floods.

The most deadly flooding was in 1931 in China and killed between 2,000,000 and 4,000,000 people.[3]

During a flood, people try to move themselves and their most precious belongings to higher ground quickly. The process of leaving homes in search of a safe place is called evacuation.

Pollution of drinking water[change | change source]

During a flood there is plenty of water, but it is mostly polluted and not safe to drink. If people drink the dirty water, they may suffer from diseases such as typhoid and cholera. People can get ready to survive a flood by filling many containers with fresh and clean drinking water and storing other emergency supplies.

Causes of floods[change | change source]

Flooding is usually caused by a volume of water within a water body, such as a lake, overflowing. Sometimes a dam breaks, suddenly releasing a large amount of water. The result is that some of the water travels to land, and 'floods' the area. Many rivers are in a channel, between river banks. They flood when the strength of the river causes it to flow beyond the banks. This is more common at bends or meanders. Flood damage can be prevented by moving away from places that flood. However, people have long liked to have their homes and businesses alongside water because water is good for agriculture and transport and in other ways. Floods are also caused due to improper management of drains.

2010-11 Floods in Queensland[change | change source]

In 2010 and 2011, Queensland floods hurt Australia's Gross Domestic Product (GDP) by diminishing export revenues. Operations at about 40 coal mines were disrupted because of the floods. Crops were damaged and grazing lands were underwater.

References[change | change source]

Other page[change | change source]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Floods.
The 1931 flood in China in Hankow City
  1. ↑MSN Encarta Dictionary. Flood. Retrieved on 2006-12-28. Archived 2009-10-31.
  2. ↑Directive 2007/60/EC Chapter 1 Article2. eur-lex.europa.eu. Retrieved on 2012-06-12.
  3. ↑O'Connor, Jim E. and John E. Costa. 2004. The world's largest floods, past and present: their causes and magnitudes [Circular 1254]. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey.

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