All Stories Are Anansis Analysis Essay
Students watch a video featuring a storyteller who tells a Pourquoi story about Anansi, the Spider, a popular character in African folklore. Following the video, students identify the specific charactertraits of Anansi by completing a character web.
Identifying character traits helps students learn and know more about a subject in fictional, non-fictional and visual text. Applying and assigning characteristics can help students develop characters in their own writing. Finally, being able to identify characteristics helps students to better understand how authors treat characters and subjects in a wide range of writing.
1. Check for prior knowledge by asking students if they have ever heard of a type of folktale called a Pourquoi story. Next ask students if they know the purpose of this kind of story. Take student responses and discuss.
2. Tell students they are going to watch a video about Anansi, the Spider who is a famous character in many African folktales. You may want to include some additional background information on Anansi by going to http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anansi . Tell students that Anansi is sometimes called "Anansi, the Trickster." Ask students to suggest what the word "trickster" could mean. Then ask students to make a prediction as to why they think Anansi earned this title. Take their responses and write them on the board.
3. Next, give students a focus for viewing by asking them to describe how Anansi behaves in the video. What other qualities does he demonstrate or show? Play the Pourquoi Stories Video.
4. Ask students to share their answers and discuss. Was Anansi's behavior as they predicted? Was he a trickster? Next, tell students that there are many qualities Anansi demonstrated in the video clip. Another word for qualities that describe a person, place or thing is "characteristics." Post a definition of the word "characteristic" on the board or on a transparency and discuss.
5. Distribute the Anansi Character Web handout. Ask students to think of five characteristics about Anansi and list them on the handout. Then write three sentences to describe him.
For students who need additional teacher guidance:
1. Watch the clip as many times as necessary to identify various characteristics of Anansi.
2. In a small group, complete the Anansi Character Web handout.
3. Devise complete sentences describing Anansi together by writing group responses on the board.
4. Ask students to transfer the sentences to their handouts.
Distribute the Your Character Web handout. Ask students to think of themselves as a main character instead of Anansi. Ask students to think about how they would describe themselves. Students will use the same format as the Anansi Character Web handout to describe themselves. Completed handouts can beplaced in a student's portfolio to assess skill acquisition.
Have you ever heard of the tricky spider named Anansi? This West African god frequently takes the form of a spider, and holds the knowledge of all of the folktales and stories; he is cunning and tricky, and uses his cunning guile to try to get what he wants. It is thought that Anansi was originally found in stories from the Ashanti and then the Akan people in Ghana, and from there the stories spread through West Africa.
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During the Atlantic slave trade, the stories crossed the ocean with the slaves through oral tradition. Especially in the Caribbean, Anansi’s cunning ways symbolized a resistance to powerful slave owners.
Anansi stories (and their variants: in the US he is known as “Aunt Nancy”) are considered “trickster” folktales because the small spider uses his intelligence and trickiness to triumph larger creatures. Stories such as these are told by elders to pass down knowledge and moral messages to the younger generations. Sometimes the stories were acted out by the storyteller, or even sung with dancing and drumming. In the 1950s people began collecting the famous stories and writing them down so that school children in Ghana could learn them.
Before reading, ask the kids what they know about spiders. Find Ghana on a map and trace the route the slave traders took to the Caribbean. When the kids are listening to the stories, ask them to pay attention to:
- the characters
- the setting
- the plot (events in the story)
- main idea
When the initial problem is presented, pause the story and ask the kids:
What do you think will happen next? What do you think Anansi will do?
Read Anansi Stories
Here are some wonderful Anansi stories for children, in order of the authors’ last names:
Anansi Does The Impossible!: An Ashanti Tale retold by Verna Aardema.
The Pot of Wisdom: Ananse Stories by Adwoa Badoe and Baba Wagué Diakité.
Ananse and the Lizard: A West African Tale retold and illustrated by Pat Cummings.
Anansi and The Box of Stories (On My Own Folklore), adapted by Stephen Krensky.
In The Barefoot Book of Tropical Tales (Barefoot Collection), retold by Raouf Mama, you can read “Anansi and the Guinea Bird,” a tale from Antigua.
Anansi the Spider: A Tale from the Ashanti by Gerald McDermott.
African Tales (One World, One Planet) by Gcina Mhlophe and Rachel Griffin has a version of Ananse and the Impossible Quest. It is illustrated with beautiful handmade paper, embroidered with collages of scenes from the stories.
Ananse’s Feast: An Ashanti Tale retold by Tololwa M. Molel.
There was one book (out of so many) that we didn’t love, but I will mention it here for people to make their own judgment. Anansi and the Magic Stick, by Eric A Kimmel was a fine story, but my son noticed that the only 2 people in the story were white..? It was just a little bizarre because it would seem that since the story is from Ghana, the people would have been of African descent. With minority characters already hard to find in books (out of 5,000 kids books published last year, only 3.3% of books were about African-Americans), you would think a story featuring a West African folktale would have characters that fit the setting.
Watch and Listen to Anansi Stories
Here is an Anansi story (of how he got manners from turtle):
This story is “Anansi and the Pot of Beans”
In this fabulous video, Denzel Washington tells an Anansi story that includes how slaves brought the stories from Ghana to Jamaica.
Lesson Plans with Anansi the Spider
PBS Kids has an interactive lesson about Anansi the Spider.
Why Anansi has Thin Legs is an excellent on-line interactive lesson from the British Council.
Finally, here are some great lesson plan ideas for grades 1-2 written by first grade teachers.
Do you have any other favorite Anansi stories we didn’t mention? Have you ever heard of trickster tales? What’s your favorite?
Filed Under: Africa, Animals, Belize, Ghana, Haiti, Jamaica, Latin America, Lesser Antilles (Caribbean), Literature, SurinameTagged With: fairy tales/ folktales, fiction children's books, Trickster Tales