1 Taukinos

Edmund Wilson Essayshark

There is, in much of Wilson's early work, a wonderful chameleon quality. He can become Henry James, take on his style and attitudes with perfect pitch. He was rescued, however, from what must have been a great temptation to follow James on a lifetime's journey, when he spent a year as a hospital orderly in France during the First World War, in the company of ordinary Americans, while numbers of his friends became officers. Many years later, in "Patriotic Gore," he would wonder what might have happened to James had he fought, as many of his contemporaries did, in the Civil War. His version of Oliver Wendell Holmes's war experience in "Patriotic Gore" was close to autobiography: "For a young man who has always lived comfortably and accepted the security of convention, it may be an educational advantage for him to see his society with the bottom knocked out, its most honored institutions threatened and its members, irrespective of class, thrown together in conflict to the death or in obligatory cooperation."

In New York after the war, Wilson began to write about books for Vanity Fair, which paid him $75 a week, and other, smaller publications, which gave him space. "By the mid-1920's," Dabney writes, "Wilson had the authority in his generation he'd acquired among school and college friends." His review of "The Waste Land" in The Dial a month after the poem was published recognized its achievement, as did his review of "Ulysses" in 1922. Wilson was the first American reviewer of Hemingway, in 1924, believing his work to be a "distinctively American development in prose." Hemingway declared that Wilson's opinion was the only one "in the States I have any respect for." James Baldwin was later to say that the only two American writers who had influenced him when he was young were Henry James and Edmund Wilson. Auden once said that he wrote for Wilson alone.

Wilson was lucky, when he moved from Vanity Fair to The New Republic, where he became literary editor in 1926, that the magazine was open to his vast curiosity and wide-ranging talent. He wrote to meet deadlines and for readers, believing, with fervor and optimism, that he and his readers shared an abiding concern with culture. When Lionel Trilling met him at The New Republic in 1929, "he seemed in his own person, and young as he was, to propose and to realize the idea of the literary life. . . . One got from him a whiff of Lessing at Hamburg, of Sainte-Beuve in Paris." Dabney writes, "As literary editor, Wilson had made The New Republic the primary organ in the United States for people who loved books."

The New Republic's real importance for Wilson, however, was that it allowed him to expand his interests from the merely literary to the social and the political. In a 1929 letter to Allen Tate he wrote, "I begin to wonder whether the time hasn't arrived for the intellectuals, etc., to identify themselves a little more with the general life of the country." As the Depression deepened, Wilson began to travel for the magazine, reporting on strikes and sieges, on political protest and dissent and on the deep suffering of those marginalized in America. It was a great education for a man whose best-known early book was "Axel's Castle" (1931), a collection of essays about Valéry and Proust, Eliot and Yeats.

Slowly, Wilson became politicized, no longer merely a literary critic but a figure on the left. In January 1931 in The New Republic he wrote an influential "Appeal to Progressives" to "take Communism away from the Communists" and apply it to American society. When his collection of pieces about his travels in America appeared, Hemingway wrote to Dos Passos, "Bunny's book was wonderful reporting -- wish he had kept on reporting and not to have had to save his soul."

Wilson traveled to the Soviet Union in 1935. "Had Wilson any idea of what was happening, he could not have completed 'Finland Station' as planned," Dabney writes. "In 1935 he took note of phenomena that he did not understand until long afterward." Wilson waited in line in Red Square to look at Lenin's embalmed face, which he thought "extraordinarily fine, intellectual, distinguished," noting also Lenin's "square-tipped, effective fingers." He had already been planning a book on the origins of the revolution, and after much bureaucratic foot-dragging won permission to visit Lenin's birthplace. "The restored house," Dabney writes, "strengthened his humanistic vision of Lenin." His portrayal of Lenin as a heroic figure tells us more about how a mainstream left-wing American intellectual viewed things in the 1930's than it does about Lenin.

The idea behind "To the Finland Station," published in September 1940, was brilliant. Wilson sought to trace the intellectual roots of Communism, painting clear and vivid portraits of the thinkers and philosophers whose work had led to the October Revolution in 1917. He was greatly helped by being able to rehearse these portraits in the pages of The New Republic, while his great handicap, as he wrote to an old teacher in 1937, was his lack of grounding in German philosophy. "Dialectical materialism . . . really comes right out of it; and you would have to know everything from Kant down to give a sound account of it. I have never done anything with German philosophy, and can't bear it, and am having a hard time now propping that part of my story up." In a foreword to a recent edition of the book, Louis Menand commented: "He never did get it properly figured out. . . . Wilson had no idea what he was talking about."

The value of "To the Finland Station" comes in its stylish and sympathetic portraits of Karl Marx and his family and of Friedrich Engels. Wilson was a brilliant storyteller. His portrait of the calamities and miseries of Marx's life in London is unforgettable, as is the cold restraint of his tone when he describes the suffering of Marx's immediate family (his wife was beset by various illnesses, including smallpox, and several of their children died). Wilson drew Marx, to some extent, in his own likeness, beginning with Marx as a young poet, just as Wilson had been, loving "learning for its own sake," as he did, developing also a prose style that was highly wrought and literary, and slowly becoming exposed to the realities of the social and political world around him.

Wilson's brilliant evocation of Marx's disastrous personal circumstances as he labored on his great work, "Das Kapital," echoes a similar disordered context in which Wilson put order on his thoughts. "The gulf between the page and his private life was deepening" is not an unusual sentence in this biography of Wilson. It is not a coincidence either that the observation "The true successor to Michelet's history was Marx's 'Capital' " was typed by Wilson on the back of a letter threatening him with eviction.

But Wilson was also capable of thinking carefully and writing well about Marx's Jewish heritage and how he "found in his personal experience the key to the larger experience of society."

Wilson was not a rigid ideologue; he thought on his feet and if the thinking did not suit a theory, then he stood his ground. This means that books like "Axel's Castle" and "The Triple Thinkers" contain great essays but no overall vision of literary theory or practice. It means also that some of his asides in "To the Finland Station," what V. S. Pritchett called its "vernacular pugnacity" and its "shrewdness, piety and good will," which Pritchett believed marked it out as "deeply American," give the book an edge, make it exciting. In a chapter called "Karl Marx: Poet of Commodities and Dictator of the Proletariat," Wilson began to muse about Marxism and America: "What Karl Marx had no clue for understanding was that the absence in the United States of the feudal class background of Europe would have the effect not only of facilitating the expansion of capitalism but also of making possible a genuine social democratization; that a community would grow up and endure in which the people engaged in different occupations would probably come nearer to speaking the same language and even to sharing the same criteria than anywhere else in the industrialized world."

Neither Wilson nor The New Republic favored American intervention in World War II. The editorial board changed course when the British husband of the effective owner of the magazine insisted on reversing the policy in the autumn of 1940, removing members of the staff. Until 1943, when he began his association with The New Yorker (starting on a one-year contract for $10,000 plus $3,000 for expenses), Wilson was without a platform. Even as those around him changed their line on the war, as knowledge of the Holocaust was growing, Wilson was not convinced of the rightness of his country's involvement. In essays written in the 1950's he was greatly preoccupied by the bombing of Dresden and the American decision "to go the Nazis one better by destroying whole Japanese towns -- killing or crippling for life all ages and sexes of noncombatants -- through the effects of radioactivity."

Writing a biography of Edmund Wilson is like taking one of Saul Bellow's better-known protagonists and reducing him to a sober set of themes. It is hard not to feel sometimes that, despite Wilson's patrician background and Princeton education, Bellow played a part in inventing him, or, indeed, that Wilson helped to mold Bellow. In the summer of 1939, when Wilson was teaching briefly at the University of Chicago, Bellow, according to Dabney, "would remember the thrill of meeting Wilson on a street near the university, being invited to drop by, and attending one or two meetings of the Dickens course." When Wilson lectured at Princeton in late 1952, rehearsing the ideas that would make up "Patriotic Gore," Bellow -- who was then teaching there while writing "The Adventures of Augie March" -- was in the audience.

The sheer passionate untidiness of Wilson's personal life, his crazy relationships with women, the fierce drinking, mixed with the intensity and the headlong nature of his writing life, belong to a Bellow novel. His marriage to Mary McCarthy would be a gift to any novelist. In real life, however, it was hard. McCarthy was 25 when they met, Wilson 42; they got married in February 1938. Wilson, it became clear, had an extraordinary gift: he could drink all night and then be clearheaded and ready for work in the morning. Once drunk, however, he would argue and fight. McCarthy would fight back. The years of their marriage were notable for constant recrimination and reconciliation, described in letters, diaries, fiction, memoirs and many subsequent interviews. Their son, Reuel, remembered Wilson's "fear-inspiring temper" and "stentorian voice." They divorced in 1946.

It is impossible for a biographer to enter with equal fire and flair into Wilson's tragic and comic soul, his innocent appetites, his pure idealism, his belief in the word and his vast impracticality. Dabney, who worked on this book for many years and who knew Wilson personally, is diligent. All the information one needs about Wilson is here, except how the man became the style, which is the hardest subject to describe, and whose lack is, in a work of this length, somewhat frustrating. Dabney also faces the difficulty of separating Wilson's labyrinthine sex life from the rest of him or trying to merge the two and make sense of them. We know a great deal about Wilson's sex life because he wrote it down himself in diaries, in his fiction and in letters. It is possible that we know far too much. Do we need to know, for example, that after his return from the Soviet Union, Wilson and a woman named Louise had sex for 36 hours, the sex getting "better and better," until he was "spanking her with a hairbrush, which she explained 'would always bind us together' "? Whole chapters of this exhaustive biography concern Wilson and his wives, girlfriends and lovers.

It is too easy to suggest that Wilson the lover and the boozer should be kept away from Wilson the writer. His private life did not make its way into his best work, which was his criticism, in a way that it did in the case of novelists like his friend Scott Fitzgerald or indeed Saul Bellow. And yet Wilson's personality, his sensuous nature, entered his writing in a way that is rare for critics and historians. The wreck of his first two marriages -- he divorced his first wife, Mary Blair, after seven years; his second wife, Margaret Canby, died in an accidental fall -- the bitterness of his third, the happiness he found in his last two decades, and the sheer quantity of his drinking, reflect both comically and intensely on his state of mind. His passion for ideas, for making judgments, for writing elegantly, for telling a story with pace and for learning languages, is the same reckless passion he felt for many women, for staying up all night drinking, or taking long taxi rides without a care for the cost, or forgetting to pay his taxes. He loved life as much as he loved letters; he loved his learning as much as he loved mankind. Perhaps Dabney is right to include so much detail on what that love entailed.

If Wilson's second act was the drama of his political years and his marriage to Mary McCarthy, then his final act was his marriage to Elena Mumm Thornton, 11 years his junior, the child of a German father and Russian mother. He met her in 1946; she succeeded, according to his friend Dawn Powell, "in de-irascibilizing as well as rejuvenating the Bard." His mother's death in 1951 left him financially more secure; he also inherited the old family property at Talcottville in upstate New York, which allowed him to play the squire when he was not at his house on Cape Cod, which Elena had carefully redecorated for his comfort.

The two-bit reviewer, as his son would have it, was both careful and lucky with his legacy. As early as 1936 he had "made a rule not to allow my articles to be reprinted in anthologies. I don't consider any of them are worth preserving . . . except the ones I have worked over and published in books."

His books, essentially well-polished articles, began to reach a wider audience and a new generation in the early 1950's, when they were published and well promoted in Jason Epstein's new Doubleday Anchor paperback series. "Epstein," Wilson wrote in 1953, "is sold on my writings to an extent that is almost embarrassing."

Wilson a half-century later has been almost as lucky with his biographer, who does not seek to expose his flaws, dwell on his failures or reduce his achievements. Nonetheless, Dabney's offering so much space to Wilson's untidy personal life may not be to the taste of those who continue to admire the books he wrote and his lifelong commitment to the written word.

Colm Toibin's latest novel is "The Master."

Continue reading the main story


2017-                    JENKEM Magazine: Featured Series: A Real Art Critic Reviews Skate Art

                              No. 1, November 2017

2017                     Exhibition Essay for Caitlin McCormack's Lazarus Taxa at Paradigm Gallery, Philadelphia

2017                     Seth Armstrong: Qualities of Dark and Lightness (HuffPost)

2017-                   The Journal of ALTA California (a Hearst Publication)

                              Prison Arts Collective, October 2017

2017-                    ARTILLERY

                              Ellen Gallagher at Hauser & Wirth Los Angeles, December 2017

                              Brian Wills at Praz-Delavallade, November 2017

                              proyectosLA at Werkartz, October 2017

                              Flora Kao at Gallery 825, October 2017

                              Peter Lodato and Eric Johnson at William Turner Gallery, September 2017

                              Meg Cranston at Meliksetian-Briggs, September 2017

                              Andy Kolar at Walter Maciel Gallery, August 2017

2017--                  RIOT MATERIAL

                              Shadowman  movie review

                              Vulnerability: The Space Between at Young Projects Gallery

                              Tom of Finland movie review

                              Ryoji Ikeda A [For 100 Cars]

                              Magician Siegfried Tieber in LA

2017                     JUXTAPOZ (See also 2010; 1997-2000)

                              Zen and the Art of Bunny Primitive: kozyndan at Gregorio Escalante Gallery, Sept 2017 (200th issue)

2017                     Lim Ok-sang: The Blacklist Portraits/Faces of History at CMay Gallery, catalog essay

2017                     California Locos: Mas Locos, introductory essay for the book Masters of Style

2017                     Synaesthesia: What is the Taste of the Color Blue? at Building Bridges Art Exchange, exhibition essay

2017                     Rotem Reshef: Time Traveler at the University of LaVerne, exhibition essay (HuffPost)

2017                     Benjamin Lowder: Phoneme at Open Mind Art Space, exhibition essay (HuffPost)

2017                     The Reality of Nature at LAUNCH LA, exhibition essay (HuffPost)

2017                      OOH-LA-LA-LA, Pacific Standard Time at Robert Berman Gallery (HuffPost)

2017                     Julienne Johnson: Touched No. 12 at the 43rd Ink & Clay (HuffPost)

2017                     Pam Douglas: Sight at TAG, exhibition essay (HuffPost)

2017                     Exhibition Essay for Dani Dodge: Personal Territories at MOAH:CEDAR (HuffPost)

2017                     Exhibition Essay for Martynas Ivinskas: 10,000 Signatures at Building Bridges Art Exchange (HuffPost)

2017                     Very Appropriate at Robert Berman Gallery (HuffPost)

2017                     Sheinina Raj: Vision & Sound, Intercultural | Enlightenproject essay and Artist Muse artist talk video

2017                     Nicholas Hunt at Mugello Gallery, DTLA (HuffPost)

2017                     Ramona Otto at the Fine Arts Building, DTLA (HuffPost)

2017                     Must Everything Go? Maybe the last Santa Monica Auctions (HuffPost)

2017                     California Space & Light: The Ojai Invitational 2017, catalog essay

2017                     Fallen Fruit: The Endless Orchard, project essay for HuffPost

2017                     California Locos: Freedom Rock, introductory essay for the book SOMOS LOCOS

2017                     Exhibition text for Adam Ross: Until the end of the world, at Chimento Contemporary

2017                     Produce Haus inaugural exhibition WALLS: A Quest for Immersive Space

2017                     Exhibition essay for Susan Amorde: In My Case, at Gallery 825, for HuffPost

2017                     Sharon Kagan: Microcosmic, an essay on her unique process and Pico Union Center residency (HuffPost)

2017                     An essay on the new photography series After the Audition by Michael Grecco for HuffPost

2016                     NO THOUGHTS MAGAZINE: Sarah Elise Abramson, December 2016

2016                     Essay on the mixed media serial drawings of Randi Matushevitz for the HuffPost

2016                      Essay on avant-garde taxidermist Catherine Coan for the HuffPost

2016                      Catalog Essay, Chie Hitotsuyama at Lancaster Museum of Art and History

2016                      Essay for conceptualist painter, Make Em All Mexican's Linda Vallejo for HuffPost

2016                      Exhibition Essay for Pop Japan and Kuma Puff Residency at Building Bridges Art Exchange

2016                      The Big 80s Are Back at the Santa Monica Auctions, for HuffPost

2016--                   Contributing writer, ART & CAKE

                               Shepard Fairey by Library Street Collective, November 2017

                               Lynda Benglis at Blum & Poe, November 2017

                               Miguel Rio Branco at Christopher Grimes, November 2017

                               Cristobel Valecillos at Timothy Yarger Fine Art, November 2017

                               The Fourth World at the Institute for Art and Olfaction, October 2017

                               Kimberly Brooks at Zevitas Marcus, October 2017

                               Martin Ramirez at ICA LA and Robert Berman Gallery, October 2017

                               Loving Vincent, film review, September 2017

                               Mark Steven Greenfield at Lora Schlesinger Gallery, September 2017

                               Summery Appeal at Good Luck Gallery, August 2017

                               Ann Hamilton at Gemini GEL, August 2017

                               Joe Ray at Diane Rosenstein Gallery, July 2017

                               Betye Saar: Keeping it Clean at Craft and Folk Art Museum, June 2017

                               Sarah Ann Weber at Club Pro Los Angeles, June 2017

                               Hydrogenesis at HILDE, June 2017

                               Christiane Feser at Von Lintel Gallery, May 2017

                               Animating the Archives, the Woman's Building at Ave 50 Studios, May 2017

                               Eric Joyner at Corey Helford Gallery, May 2017

                               Manifesto (dir., Julian Rosefeldt, starring Cate Blanchett), May 2017

                               Amino Acids and All The Flowers at ACME., May 2017

                               Judy Rifka at Sinai Temple, April 2017

                               Derrick Adams at CAAM, April 2017

                               Michael Deyermond at Craig Krull Gallery, April 2017

                               Judith Bernstein: Cock in the Box, at the Box, March 2017

                               Andy Moses: 30 Year Survey at Santa Monica College, March 2017

                               Nike Schroeder at Show + Tell, February 2017

                               In the Land of Sunshine at Pasadena Museum of California Art, February 2017

                               Naotaka Hiro at The Box, January 2017

                               Annie Lapin at Honor Fraser, exhibition review, December 2016

                               Chris Natrop at Cooper Design Space, exhibition review, December 2016

                               Doug Edge at C. Nichols Project, exhibition review, November 2016

                               Amy Bennett at Richard Heller Gallery, exhibition review, October 2016

2016                      Essay on sculptor and architectural and public art maven Catherine Widgery for the Huffington Post

2016                      Essay on photographer, sculptor and installation artist Luigia Gio Martelloni for the Huffington Post |

                               Gallery 825

2016                      Alex Couwenberg: Works 2007-2016 Monographic Essay

2016                      Essay on painter and installation artist Diane Nebolon Silver for the Huffington Post | Beyond Baroque

2016                      Essay on painter Bobbie Moline-Kramer for the Huffington Post | Carnegie Art Museum

2016                      Essay on painter Erika Lizée for the Huffington Post | LAX Airport

2016                      Essay on mixed media artist Benjamin Lowder for the Huffington Post | Open Mind Art Space

2016                      Essay on painter Pam Douglas for the Huffington Post | TAG Gallery

2016                      Essay on painter Bibi Davidson for the Huffington Post | Groundspace | Gallery 825

2016                      Exhibition Essay, Sally Bruno at Chimento Contemporary, September 2016

2016                      Essay on painter and filmmaker Malka Nedivi for the Huffington Post

2016                      Catalog Essay Megan Geckler for 2016 COLA Fellowship Grants

2016                      Catalog Essay & Documentary Film: Riccardo Manelli: Notes for the Reconstruction of Beauty via
                               Building Bridges Art Foundation and Gianluca Draghetti (and related Panel Discussion at the LA Art Show)

2016                      Catalog Essay Justin Bower at Lancaster MOAH (and related artist conversation at the museum)

2016                      Catalog Essay Manfred Menz: Art Malpractice at CMay Gallery (Exhibition reviewed by YayLA.)

2016                      Exhibition Essay Marc Fichou: Outside-In at Chimento Contemporary

2016                      Exhibition Essay for Victor Wilde's Was Ist Los? at SomoS Berlin

2016                      Essay for painter and sculptor Robert Reynolds

2016                      Essay for Antonio Pelayo, Disney's last remaining inker

2016                      Statement for Lilli Muller's Mandala Project

2016                      Public Art in the City of West Hollywood for The Huffington Post

2016                      MOCA's gala honoring Ed Ruscha for The Huffington Post
2016                      Interview w/ Daniel Miller of Duncan Miller Gallery and Your Daily Photograph for L’Oeil de la photographie.

2016                      Brandon Boyd artist bio

2016                      Catalog Essay Rory Devine at c. nichols project

2016                      Exhibition Essay Roy Thurston at Chimento Contemporary

2016                      Show Essay Dreaming the Real: Eve Wood, Siobhan McClure, and Nathan Huff at South Bay Contemporary

2016                      Exhibition Essay Korean sculptor Yi Kwan Hwon at CMay Gallery

2016                      Catalog Essay: Scripps Annual Ceramics Exhibition

2016                      Catalog Essay KuBO & Tom Herberg: Dreams of Chaos opened at Mt. San Antonio College

2016                      Catalog Essay Abstract Never Is... Curated by VICA at Muzeumm at Photo LA

2016                      Catalog Essay Bonita Helmer (and artist conversation at George Billis Gallery during a related show)

2016                      Exhibition Essay Dwora Fried at Gallery 825

2016                      Essay on painter Scott A. Trimble for Huffington Post

2016                      Exhibition essay for mixed media and installation artist Kim Schoenstadt at Chimento Contemporary

2016                      Profile on artist and fashion designer Victor Wilde of the Bohemian Society for Huffington Post

2016                      Essay on photographer Mark Indig for the Huffington Post

2016                      Exhibition essay for painter Nurit Avesar at the Neutra Institute in Silverlake (and gallery talk)

2016                      Essay for photographer Jane Szabo's Reconstructing Self at MOAH Lancaster

2016                      Book Essay for Christopher Kent Schumaker's My Strangers

2016                      Essay for sculptor Sedi Pak

2016                      Essay for painter Ugo Nonis

2016                      Catalog Essay for photographer Laura London's Relocation at Chimento Contemporary

2016                      Exhibition Essay Janine Brown: Wallflowers at LAAA/Gallery 825

2015                      Catalog Essay: We Must Risk Delight: New Art from Los Angeles, a collateral exhibition of the VENICE

                               BIENNALE curated by Bardo LA

2015--                    Contributing Writer, CREATORS (VICE MEDIA)

                               The 2-Million Image Sydney Morning Herald Photo Archive that lives in Little Rock

                               The 14th Factory's Simon Birch

                               Lake Enchanto (Heidi Duckler Dance X Kim West)

                                Sam Comen & Michael Estrin: The Newest Americans

                                Peter Wu: Rise of the Fly II at Vincent Price Art Museum

                                Laurie Sumiye | 50 States of Art (Hawaii)

                               Enchanted Forest of Light at Descanso Garden

                                The Wackiest Shit at DesignerCon 2016

                                Korin Faught at Corey Helford Gallery

                                Tom Sachs at Yerba Buena Center for the Arts: Space Program: Europa

                                Jill Magid: Revisiting Liverpool

                                FriendsWithYou: Supermoon

                                Nick Brandt: Inherit the Dust

                                Wall Writers: Graffiti in its Innocence, directed by Roger Gastman, narrated by John Waters
                                The Robert F. Kennedy Community School's Mural Festival by Branded Arts

                                Dead Ringers, produced by Timothy Speed Levitch
                                Yves Saint Laurent and Jean Cocteau coloring books

                                Scott Hove's Giant Cake Maze

                                Eleanor Macnair's Classic Photos in Play-Doh

                                Celebrity/Artist Collaborations

                                Gregory Crewdson (French edition, too)

                                Photography by The Walking Dead's Norman Reedus

                                Sean Starwars

                                Artists Who Work with Cardboard

                                Jeff Wall at the Perez Art Museum

                                Bettina Hubby: Thanks for the Mammaries
                                RUN: Man is God at Howard-Griffin Gallery.
                                dabsmyla's Modernica takeover
                                Photographer Christopher Colville

                                Matthew Barney: River of Fundament at MOCA (The Creators Project)
                                Jokes of Nature at Redline Denver

                                Karen Finley at Coagula and Rosson Crow at Honor Fraser (Nov 21, 2015)

                                VisionLA 2015 Climate Change Arts Festival

2015 --                   PORTER & SAIL (Los Angeles Art Venues & Features)

2015                      Exhibition Essay: Richard Shelton at Temporary Space LA

2015                      Catalog Essay: The Godfrey Daniels School of Charm: Claudia Bucher, Maryrose Crook, Georganne Deen

                               and Jacobine van der Meer

2015                      Exhibition Essay: Annie Terrazzo: Kill Your Selfie at Red Pipe (and artist conversation).

2015                      Exhibition Essay: Alfa Castaldi at Duncan Miller Gallery

2015                      Essay for painter and sculptor Susan Melly

2015                      Essay for mixed media artist Joan Wulf

2015                      Essay for photographer Sarah Elise Abramson

2015                      Catalog Essay Eva Armisen at CMay Gallery

2015                      Essay on Mary Iverson for Huffington Post

2015                      Essay for photographer Stacey Moore

2015                      Essay on Stuart Kusher for Huffington Post

2015                      Essay for sculptor Petra Eiko's Tectonics

2015:                     Artist Profile: Osceola Refetoff for COMPASS Magazine, Summer 2015

2015                      Catalog Essay Tanya Ragir: Warrior Series at Gloria Delson Contemporary Art

2015                      Essay for painter Andrew Pasquella
2015                      Exhibition Essay for sculptor Pancho Luna's Required Reading at Timothy Yarger Fine Art

2015                      Exhibition Essay for photographer Lori Pond's Menace at Gallery 825

2015                      Essay on painter Kristine Schomaker

2015                      Exhibition Essay for Suzan Woodruff and  Nathan Currier's Looming Atmospheres at Launch LA

2015                      Essay Kaloust Guedel and the Excessivist Initiative at LA Art Core

2015                      Exhibition Essay Within the Cave at Durden and Ray

2015                      Op-Ed on the Newly Opened Broad for Los Angeles Review of Books (LARB)

2015                      Scott Grieger Exhibition Essay at Temporary Space LA

2015                      Essay for Deirdre Sullivan-Beeman at the Gabba Gallery

2015                      Catalog Essay: Brad Howe: Cartography at CMay Gallery, Seoul

2015                      Essay for painter Jeanne Dunn

2015                      Essay for painter Susan Lizotte,

2015                      Essay for mixed media artist Colleen M. Kelly

2015                      Essay for painter and street artist Mikael B.

2015                      Czech in LA: New Art from the Czech Republic at ADC Building Bridges Art Foundation

2015                      Essay for Czech painter Tomáš Spevák

2015                      Catalog Essay Isabella Kelly-Ramirez: All the Missing Pieces at Gallery 825

2015                      Catalog Essay Lori Shocket: The Human Element at the Museum of Tolerance

2015                      Foreword: Karrie Ross: Our Ever Changing World: Through the Eyes of Artists: Couples and Collaborations

2015                      Catalog Essay Blake Little: Preservation at Paul Kopeikin Gallery

2015                      Catalog Essay Carlos Grasso at the Santa Paula Art Museum

2015                      Catalog Essay JT Burke: Paradise Circus at the LA Art Show 2015

2014                      Catalog Essay: Artists of the film MANA at Art 1307, Naples Italy

2014-15                DESERT MAGAZINE Contributor

                               Cristopher Cichocki artist profile

                               Stephen Anderson artist profile

2014-                    Contributor, WEST HOLLYWOOD LIFESTYLE

                               The Getty Foundation's PST LA|LA: WeHo Standard Time preview feature (September 2017)

                               How Karen Bystedt Lost Herself and Her Warhols and Then Found Both Again (September 2016)

                               Red Carpet City: Marquee Art World Events of the Fall Season (September 2015)

                               Pacific Design Center designLAb gallery program (March 2015)

                               The History of Contemporary Art on La Cienega Blvd.

2014                      Catalog Essay LOCOS  Redux: The Lost California Years

2014                      Catalog Essay DAVID LACHAPELLE: LAND SCAPE at Paul Kasmin Gallery, NYC

2014                      Exhibition Essay: Elements: Andy Moses, Ned Evans, and Stephen Robert Johns at LA Art Core

2014                      Essay for photographer Ward Roberts: Maximum Minimalism

2014                      Monograph Essay Speedy Graphito: Made in America (Fabien Castanier Gallery)

2014                      Catalog Essay Margaret Ouchida at Los Angeles Art Association

2014                      Catalog Essay Jason Shawn Alexander: No Good at Exits, at 101/Exhibit, LA

2014                      Catalog Essay Jaime Scholnick and Sandra Low: Cultural Gumbo at Rio Hondo College

2014                      Catalog Essay Sam Erenberg: Geography of the Imagination, College of the Canyons Art Gallery

2014                      Catalog Essay Cindy Jackson: (Not Quite) Salvation at Gallery 825

2014                      Monograph Essay Christopher Kent Schumaker: Un-Finished

2014                      Catalog Essay Christine Weir: Sings of Life at Curve Line Space

2014                      Catalog Essay Pat Gainor: Positano

2014                      Collection Essay, The Passion of Moses Feigin, for the Luba Matusovsky Collection

2014                      Catalog Essay Jane Szabo: Sense of Self at Los Angeles Center for Digital Art

2014                      Exhibition Essay Feminine Mystique at ADC/Building Bridges Art Foundation

2014                      Catalog Essay WATER WORKS at Porch Gallery, Ojai / Loft at Liz's / Museum of Art and History, Lancaster

2014                      Catalog Essay Greg Miller: Buena Vista, at Caldwell Snyder Gallery, SF

2014                      Exhibition Essay: THREAD/BARE 2 at the Brand Library

2014                      Catalog Essay THREAD/BARE: Studio Channel Islands Art Center, January 2014

2013--                    Featured Arts Blogger, HUFFINGTON POST. Full Archive HERE.

2014                      Catalog Essay, Manfred & Laura Menz: NATURAL SECURITY at Baik Art, Bergamot Station, January 2014

2013                      Exhibition Essay, Amy Barkow: Ink on Paper

2013                     Contributing Writer PALM SPRINGS LIFE MAGAZINE

                              Chino Canyon Project | PSFAF Guide February 2017

                              Sant Khalsa Feature Artist Profile, Art & Culture Edition, December 2016

                              The Second Edition of the Joshua Treenial Art Fair (preview feature), December 2016    

                              Painter Eric Nash profile, November 2015

                              Palm Springs Museum of Art's Director Liz Armstrong profile, November 2015

                              Fletcher Benton, February 2015

                              Andrea Zittel Palm Springs Art Museum exhibition preview, December 2014 (Arts+Culture)
                              Ai WeiWei: Zodiac, PSAM exhibition profile, December 2014 (Arts+Culture)
                              J. Willott Gallery profile: The Art of Appeal, January 2015
                              High Desert Test Sites, December 2013
                              Philip K. Smith: Lucid Stead (cover story), December 2013

2013                     Book Essay Mercedes Helnwein: NO WAY HOME, Zero+ Publishing, October 2013

2013                     Book Essay, Brandon Boyd: So the Echo
                              Endophasia Publications, September 2013 INFO HERE

2013                     Catalog Essay, JonMarc Edwards: The Language of Abstraction

2013                     Catalog Essay Suzan Woodruff: Cracks in the Light

2013                     Catalog Essay Stephanie Pryor: New Work, Marine Contemporary, September 2013

2013                     Catalog Essay SOME FINE WOMEN AT VAST Space, Las Vegas, August 2013

2013                     Book Essay, Mark Dean Veca: 20 Years (Zero+ Publishing, August 2013) INFO HERE

2013                     Catalog Essay Jeff Koegel: Slow Chemical Orchestra AT Merry Karnowsky Gallery, May 2013

2013-14               Art Writer, SCENE MAGAZINE (NYC)
                              LIARS: Music Meets West Coast Conceptualism band profile -- April 2014
                              David Lynch Dreams Big (feature interview) -- Summer 2013

2013                     Exhibition Essay Simon McWiiliams: Abstract Armature READ ESSAY

2013                     Exhibition Essay Jennifer Vanderpool: Family Stories, Faina Gallery, Sevastopool, Ukraine

2013                     Catalog Essay Sam Erenberg: AWA, College of the Canyons Art Gallery, Santa Clarita

2013 -                   Contributing Writer, Popcurious.com
                              Paddy Wilkins: Colorform at Curio Gallery, May 2013
                              Fil OK: Electropolis (album review), October 2013

2013                     Foreword Anthony Ausgang: The Pawnee Republican

2013                     Book Essay, Fatemeh Burnes: Imprints of Nature and Human Nature
                              Exhibited at Mt. San Antonio College, May 2013

2013                     Book Essay, Freyda Miller: Here Comes the Bride and Other Nightmares

2013                     Catalog Essay, Lisa Adams: Second Life at CB1 Gallery, April 2013

2013--                  Writer, FLAUNT MAGAZINE

                              Amir H. Fallah at Shulamit Nazarian (September 2017, the Eternal issue)
                              Drue Kataoka (September 2015)

                              James Georgopoulos (Summer 2015 cover artist) The Summer Camp Issue

                              Mika Rottenberg profile (cover) The Frankenstein Issue (December 2014)
                              Jill Magid profile (cover) The Frankenstein Issue (December 2014)
                              The Selfie Issue 15th Anniversary Special (Summer 2014) and MICROSITE
                              Ben Jones (January 2014) The Art Issue
                              Francesco Vezzoli (November 2013 cover artist) The Battle Issue
                              The Russian Avant-Garde (September 2013) The Stakes Issue
                              Vincent Szarek artist profile (March 2013)
                              Amie Dicke artist profile (January 2013)
                              Sayre Gomez artist profile (January 2013)

2013                     Essay, Bettina Hubby's Pretty Limber                  

2013                     Contributing Writer, ARTWEEK.la
                              Robert Berman's 35 year Vacation (September 2014)
                              George Mann at Gallery Yoram Gil (January 2014)
                              Shizuko Greenblatt: A Tree Grows in Modernism (ArtShare LA, June 2013)
                              Jordi Alcaraz exhibition review (Jack Rutberg Fine Arts, October 2013)

2013                     Essay, Lekha Singh's Global Society                    

2013-15               Contributing Writer, MONTAGE MAGAZINE/BESPOKE MAGAZINE
                              The 175th Anniversary of the Camera (Fall 2015)

                              Alexander Calder at the Tate Modern (Winter 2015)

                              The Art of Curating: Dan Cameron, Christopher Bedford, Fumio Nanjo, Helen Molesworth (Spring 2015)

                              Vernacular Photography (Winter 2015)

                              The History of Photographic Technology (Winter 2014)
                              Museums & Galleries of Orange County (April 2013)
                              Celebrity Photographers: Bert Stern, Patrick Demarchelier, Martin Schoeller, John Russo (December 2013)
                              Global Fashion Museums (May 2013)
                              John Russo artist Profile (May 2013)

2013                     ArtInfo.com: Palm Springs Art Fair: 10 Outstanding Attractions, February 2013

2012--                  Writer,  ARTBOUND | KCET

                              SLOW TIME: De-skilled Ceramics

                              SLOW TIME: Gardeners and Botanists

                              Desert X: Land Art at the Edge of the City

                              Contemporary Art in the Iranian Diaspora: Focus Iran 2 at CAFAM and Iranian Arts Brief at Arena 1

                              Special Election Editorial: Art Journalism in the Age of Trump

                              Downtown LA's Newest Cultural Institution: The Main Museum

                              The Incredible Story of Mixografia Studio
                              Hauser Wirth Schimmel opens in the DTLA Arts District

                              Inaugural CURRENT:LA Biennial (Water)

                              Interview with John Outterbridge

                              Young Projects Video Art Gallery

                              Isaac Brynjegard-Bialik

                              Bari Kumar

                              Game Girls

                              Blake Little

                              F. Scott Hess (named to the Top 5 Visual Art Stories of 2015)

                              Remembering Ojai gallerist Jolene Lloyd, January 2016

                              Videos: Victor Wilde (2012) | Gary Baseman (2013) | Alison O'Daniel (2013) | Public Art at LAX (2014) 

2012                     Book Essay, Shark Toof (Zero+ Publishing, July 2012) INFO HERE

2012                     Catalog Essay Jin-Ho Song: A Celestial Space
                              Presented by the Korean American Museum at PYO Gallery, November 2012

2012                     Catalog Essay Los Angeles Assemblage Group: PORTRAITS Exhibition, San Pedro, October 2012

2012                     Catalog Essays, Doug Edge at Cirrus Gallery. One book each for the four shows Edge did with Cirrus.
                               1971: The Chatsworth Series. 1972: Fun Addict. 1973: Recent Objects. 1976: Nineteen Seventy-Six

2012                     Contributing Writer ARTVoices
                              Ryan Mcintosh Artist Profile and ACIREMA Exhibition Review at Honor Fraser Gallery, October 2012

2012                     Festival Correspondent, Pacific Standard Time Performance and Public Art Festival, Official Correspondent

2011--                   Art Editor, VS. Magazine (New York/Amsterdam)
                              Eric White, September 2015

                              February 2014 (BETTER): Alexander Klingspor | Guess Jeans head designer Sharleen Lazear |

                                       What is Better Art? Interviews w/ Cheech Marin, David LaChapelle, Kori Newkirk, Tom Sachs, Ron

                                       English, Kimberly Brooks, and Micol Hebron
                              September 2013 (HASHTAG): Marina Abramovic | Kyle MF Williams
                              February 2013 (PASSIONATE): Jordan Eagles
                              September 2012 (ECCENTRIC): Tobey Maguire | Paul Marciano | Swinda Reichelt
                              February 2012 (INTIMATE): Tasya van Ree | Elizabeth Olsen
                              September 2011 (CINEMATIC): Why Artists Love to Live in LA, But Don't Show Here

2011                    Art Picks Writer + Blogger, LA WEEKLY + GOLA Calendar (print and web), Public Spectacle (web only)
                             Highlights from the World of $100,000 Glass Bongs, August 2016

                             Best of LA 2015: Pretty in Plastic | 3D Retro | NELA Art Night

                             Musical Art-Spaces, LA Weekly Art Season Special Edition, September 2010

2011                    Featured Artist , Debating Through the Arts, 18th Street Legacy Project, Summer 2011:
                             INTERNET-BASED ARTWORK, in which Tweets featuring the words "Free Speech" were live-streamed,

                             uncensored, to a wall projection in the gallery and on-line.

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